The Aran Valley, located in the heart of the Pyrenees, on the northern slope of Spain, offers a highly varied landscape and terrain, as its elevations range from 600 m up to mountain peaks at 3,000 m, and its border location with France. "Aran Valley" means "valley of valleys", as it is actually a set of different and distinct valleys, united by the waters of the Garonne and its various affluents.


The landscape and nature of the Aran Valley are very different from those found in the rest of the Pyrenees. This is thanks to its geographical location and its Atlantic slope. Its altitude furnishes it with sites evoking high mountain terrain, with vegetation sprawling everywhere, offering the finest forests in the Pyrenees, merging with meadows and their villages.

Alpine meadows surrounded by mountainsAlpine meadows surrounded by mountains
300+ lakes to explore300+ lakes to explore
Neverending valleysNeverending valleys

The vegetation in the Aran Valley is bound to delight botany enthusiasts, and varies with the latitude. Firs and black pines are the undisputed kings of the high regions, while lower down we find beech trees, oaks and pines. As edible fruit plants we find strawberries, in Rencules and the meadows of Artiga de Lin; chicory, in Aiguamog; mountain tea, near the Malo River; and raspberry bushes, with their fruit, in Rencules.

This "valley of valleys" also harbours a great variety of wild flowers, some of them very difficult to find in other places, like the nigritella orchid, in Mulheres Valley; and one of the world's most therapeutic plants: arnica. In the highest meadows and along the mountain trails we find lovely flowers, like the gentiana acaulis, in the Pla de l'Artiga and in the Tuc dels Armèros.

Culture and traditions

Our ancestors, plowmen and workers of the land, shepperds of beasts and mountain climbers, wouldn't make an effort unless it helped secure their primary needs.

A day in the fields meant a day's bread rightfully earned.

Nowadays, we keep this traditions alive as they bring joy to our hearts, like our lenguage. 

For example, San Juan has its own celebration day in Artiés and Les. The caddle fairs in Vielha, Bossost and Salardú, the local festivities, each with their own significance and uniqueness. There's local pilgrimage celebrations, rightfully accompanied by the beating sound of a traditional brass band, or the Aranese folkroric dances in historical outfits.

Traditional Aranese DancesTraditional Aranese Dances
Romanic Art all throughout the Valley of AranRomanic Art all throughout the Valley of Aran
Era Hèsta deth Haro, an Aranese particularityEra Hèsta deth Haro, an Aranese particularity

Its towns and history

The towns of the Val d'Aran are the best place to get to know the history, the culture and its people. The Valley of Aran holds a total of 33 towns, each with a hundred different stories and traditions.

Slate, stone and wood are the essential elements that, in perfect conjunction, make up the alpine scenery in the small towns that live withing this valley in the middle of the pyrenees. Each town filled with unique places, full of myths and leyends, romanic churches that graze the sky and local cuisine that keep alive the individual essence and the particular culture of every town in the Val d'Aran. 

Eth Musèu dera Val d’Aran en Vielha, Era casa de Joanchiquet de Vilamòs, Era Querimònia en Arròs, are establishments where, not only do you discover the beauty within the Aranese Villages, but get to know the history of this faraway land aswell. 

Bausen, Canejan y la Val de Torán are able to take you back to a simpler time, when life was more humble and the people lived in peaceful harmony with nature, we knew then how to live from the land without any waste.

See villages leaflet

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